Olduvai Gorge is famous archaeological site located in East Africa. Internationally recognized for the Louis and Mary Leakey’s discovery of early human on earth and the magnificent antiquities documented the evolutionary history of stone tools, vertebrates and the environments over the last two million years.
Discovery in Olduvai began almost a century ago, producing an unparalleled wealth of archaeological and pale-ontological data for the study of some key phases of early human evolution. Olduvai was the first place where traces of an early stone tool culture were discovered which nowadays considered as the earliest human technology. Olduvai is also one of the first sites in Africa where the earliest Acheulean was first discovered, and where the traditional view of the transition established.
Laetoli south of Olduvai Gorge within Ngorongoro Conservation Area is the place the hominid footprints are preserved in volcanic rock 3.6 million years old and represent some of the earliest signs of mankind in the world. Three separate tracks of a small-brained upright walking early hominid. Australopithecus afarensis, a creature about 1.2 to 1.4 meters high, were found. Imprints of these are displayed in the Oldupai museum.